sam_eye1.jpg (34581 bytes)           The Caique Site

 

Early breeding records

Prior to about 1980, the productive breeding of caiques was a fairly rare event. Here are some published records of breeding successes prior to that time. The earliest accepted breeding success is attributed to Gilbert Lee in the United States in 1949. I am discounting the report by Hopkinson of the breeding of a pair of “black-headed” parrots in about 1927 in the Primley Zoo. Although I have kept it in the list, I suspect this breeding was probably that of a pair of “black-headed” conures.

 

Yeara

Species

No.

Place

Reference

1927

P. melancephalus (?)a

 

?

Primley Zoo , UK

Hopkinson, 1927

1932

P. l. leucogaster

 

3

Gilbert Lee, USA

Prestwich, 1949 & 1950; Low, 1972

1933

P. m. melancephalus

 

San Diego Zoo

Prestwich, 1954

1934

P. l. leucogaster

 

San Diego Zoo

Prestwich, 1954

1936

P. l. leucogaster  x P. m. melancephalus

 

1

Lady Poltimore, UK

Prestwich, 1950

~1958b

P. m. melancephalus

 

?

Mrs. Williams, Miami Beach, FL

Low, 1972

1965

P. m. melancephalus

2

 Port of Spain, Trinidad

Internat. Zoo Yearbookc 5:361

P. l. leucogaster x P. l. xanthomeria

 

?

Tampa, FL

1966

P. leucogaster

 

7

Tampa, FL

Internat. Zoo Yearbook 6:420

1967

P. m. melancephalus

2

Port-of-Spain, Trinidad

Internat. Zoo Yearbook 7:342

P. l. leucogaster x P. m. melancephalus

 

5

Busch Gardens, Tampa

1969

P. l. leucogaster x P. m. melancephalus

7

Busch Gardens, Tampa

Internat. Zoo Yearbook 9:262

P. l. leucogaster

 

Cincinnati Zoo

Low, 1972

1970

P. l. leucogaster x P. m. melancephalus

 

3

Busch Gardens, Tampa

Internat. Zoo Yearbook 10:298

1971

P. l. leucogaster

1

Cincinnati

Internat. Zoo Yearbook 11:212

P. l. leucogaster x P. m. melancephalus

9 (2d)

Busch Gardens, Tampa

P. m. pallidus

1

G. Smith, UK

Low, 1972

P. leucogaster x P. melancephalus

1

F. Wait, Suffolk, UK

Caique species?

1

Memphis

1972

P. m. melancephalus

2

Busch Gardens, Tampa

Internat. Zoo Yearbook 12:364

P. leucogaster

2(1d)

 Cincinnati

P. l. leucogaster x P. m. melancephalus

5

Busch Gardens, Tampa

P. m. pallidus

?

Paolo Bertagnolio, Italyc

Low, 1992

1973

P. m. melancephalus

2

Busch Gardens, Tampa

Internat. Zoo Yearbook 13:308

1976

P. melancephalus

2f

George Smith, England

The Parrot Society Breeding Register 1977

1977

P. m. melancephalus

1

Pietermaritzburg NLP, South Africa

Internat. Zoo Yearbook 17:289

P. m. melancephalus

2

Busch Gardens, Tampa

P. l. leucogaster x P. m. melancephalus

5

Busch Gardens,  Tampa

P. melancephalus

2 f

George Smith, England

The Parrot Society Breeding Register 1977; Smith, 1977

  1979

P. melancephalus 

2 f

George Smith, England

The Parrot Society Breeding Register 1979

 

a     Hopkinson states “A pair of Black-Headed have young in the nest.” I suspect this refers to conures, but am uncertain.

b     Mrs. Williams was able to breed her birds for several years subsequent to her first success.

c     No breeding activity was reported for 1959 through 1962 and for 1974 through 1976 in the Internal. Zoo Yearbook. The Yearbook was first published in 1959. It seems likely that the date of the breeding is the prior year.

d     Number in parentheses indicates number of chicks that died.

e     This pair of pallids produced young every year from 1972 through 1977 except 1975.

f     The listing does not state if this is the number of producing pairs or the number of chicks produced.