sam_eye1.jpg (34581 bytes)           The Caique Site



This a bibliography of caique and related references. It includes all of the published materials on caiques that I have been able to lay my hands on.

Anonymous. 1977. Avicultural Society Register of Non-domestic Birds Bred under Controlled Conditions in Britain during 1997. p. 29.

Anonymous, 1996. Understanding the ‘badly behaved’ parrot. Journal of Small Animal Practice 37:565.

Abramson, J. 1992. Legumes in the avian diet. The AFA Watchbird 19: 23-26.

Alderton, D. 1991. The Atlas of Parrots of the World. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City , New Jersey .

Aengus, W.L. and J.R. Millam. 1999. Taming parent-reared orange-winged Amazon parrots by neonatal handling. Zoo Biology 18:177-187.

American Museum of Natural History. 1997. The Family of Parrots: Illustrations by Edward Lear. Pomegranate Artbooks , New York .

Arnold , K.E., I.P.F. Owens and N.J. Marshall. 2002. Fluorescent signaling in parrots. Science 295:92

Asmus, Jorg. 2003. Der Rostkappenpapagei. Papageien. 11: 368-372.

Athan, M.S. 1993. Guide to a Well-Behaved Parrot. Barron's Educational Series, Inc. Hauppauge , NY .

Atyeo, W. T. and Peres, T. M. 1990. Feather mites of the Aralichus canestrinii (Trouessart) complex (Acarina, Pterolichidae) from New World parrots (Psittacidae). II. From the genera Aratinga Spix, Deroptyus Wagler, Leptosittaca Berlepsch and Stolzmann, Ognorhynchus Bonaparte, Pionites Heine, and Pyrrhura Bonaparte, and conclusions to the study. Fieldiana, Zool., (NS), 62: 1-30.

Atyeo, W.T., J. Gaud, and T.M. Perez. 1988. Morphotypes of New World Rhytidelasma gaud (Ararina, Pterolichidae), with (re)description of the five named and one new species. Acarologia 29: 175-187.

Badyaev, A.V., G.E. Hill, M.L. Beck, A.A. Dervan, R.A. duckworth, K.J. McGraw, P.M. Nolan, and L.A. Whittingham. 2002. Sex-biased hatching order and adaptive population divergence in a passerine bird. Science 295: 316-318.

Bartlett , C.M., and E.C. Greiner. 1986. A revision of Pelecitus Railliet & Henry. 1910 (Filarioidea, Dirofilariinae) and evidence for the “capture” by mammals of filarioids from birds. Bulletin du Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle. A8:47-99.

Bates, H., and R. Busenbark. 1960. Parrots. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., Neptune City , NJ . pp. 39-40.

Bauck, L. 1991. Feather problems. American Cage-Bird Magazine. 63: 9-12.

Bechstein, J.M. 1837. The Natural History of Cage Birds: Their Management, Habits, Food, Treatment, Breeding and the Methods of Catching Them. English edition. Groombridge and Sons, London .

Beckers, G.J.L., B.S. Nelson and R.A. Suthers. 2004. Vocal-tract filtering by lingual articulation in a parrot. Current Biology 14:1592-1597.

Beissinger, S.R. and J.R. Waltman. 1991. Extraordinary clutch size and hatching asynchrony of a neotropical parrot. Auk 108:863-871.

Beissinger, S.R. S. Tygielski and B. Eldred. 1998. Social constraints on the onset of incubation in a neotropical parrot: a nestnox addition experiment. Animal Behavior 55: 21-32.

Bennett, A.T.D., I.C. Cuthill, J.G. Partridge, and E.J. Maler. 1996. Ultraviolet vision and mate choice in zebra finches. Nature 380:433-435.

Berlepsch, H. von. 1889. Systematisches Verzeichniss der von Herrn Gustav Garlepp im Brasilien und Nord Peru im Gebeite des Obern Amazonas gesammelten Vogelbälge. Journal für Ornithologie 37:317.

Bertagnolio, P. 1974. Lories, lorikeets and caiques. Avicultrual Magazine. 80:237-238.

Blackler, R. 1991. Breeding black headed caiques (Pionites melanocephala). Magazine of the Parrot Society 25:25-26.

Blanchard, S. 1992. The black-headed caique. The Pet Bird Report. March. Reprint 4.2.

Blanchard, S. 1992. Parrot psychology. Your bird's behavior. Bird Talk. April: 40-42.

Blanchard, S. 1998. Caique behavior. Bird Talk. 16(12):44-45.

Bond, C., and L.G. Cleland. 1996. Rheumatoid arthritis: are pets implicated in its etiology? Sem. Arthritis Rheum. 25:308-317.

Bostwick, K.S., and M.J. Brady. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis of wing feather taxis in birds: macroevolutionary patterns of genetic drift? The Auk 119:943-954.

Bourne, G.R. 1975. The red-billed toucan in Guyana . The Living Bird. Thirteenth annual of the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology 1974. Ed. by D.A. Lancaster and J.R. Johnson. pp. 99-126.

Brightsmith, D. 1999. Cooperative Breeding in Parrots and Introduction to the Column Wild Science. Bird Talk (October)

Brightsmith, D. 2000. Blue-and-gold macaws in Peru . Bird Talk. 18:28-31.

Brightsmith, D. 2002. The parrot predator. Bird Talk. 20:34-39.

Brightsmith, D. 2004. Macaw and clay lick studies at Tambopata Research Center , Peru . The AFA Watchbird 30: 34-35.

Brightsmith, D. J. 2004a. Effects of weather on parrot geophagy in Tambopata , Peru . The Wilson Bulletin 116:134-145.

British Museum . 1891. Catalogue of the Birds in the British Museum . Edited by R. B. Shrape. Vol. 20. pp. 358-363. (Vol. 20 and 21 were prepared by Count Salvadori.)

Brehm, C.L. 1842-. Monographie der Papageien. A. Schmidt, Jena , pp. 50-53. (Microfilm, Library of Congress).

Broad, S. Imports of psittacines into the U.K. (1981-1984). Magazine of the Parrot Society 21: 77-95.

Brockner, A. 1988. Die Zucht des Gelbschenkel-Rostkappenpapageis. Papageien. Jan. p. 13.

Brockner, A. 1999. Haltung und Zucht des Gelbschenkel-Rostkappenpapageien. Papageien. 8: 264-267.

Bronson, J.T. 1950. Parrot Family Birds. Their Training, Care & Breeding.  Third edition. All-Pets Magazine, Fond du Lac , WI . pp. 87-88.

Brown, C.E.1928.  Longevity of birds in captivity. The Auk. 45:345-348.

Bruner, A.G., R.E. Gullison, R.E. Rice and G.A.B. da Fonseca. 2001. Effectiveness of parks in protecting tropical biodiversity. Science 291: 125-128.

Buffon, G.L.L. 1783. Histoire naturelle des oiseaux. Paris , De l’Imprimerie royale. Vol. 7. pp 101-103.

Buffon, G.L.L. 1793. Herrn von Buffons Naturgeshichte der Vögel. Vol. 20, pp. 32-35. (Rare book room, Library of Congress).

Burros, M. 2003. The kitchen faucet is a vegetable’s best friend. New York Times. Dec. 17.

Cabral, D. 1993. Catching escaped pet birds. The AFA Watchbird. 20(4):45-47.

Canon, N.R., L.A. Tell, M.L. Needham and I.A. Gardner. 2000. Flow cytometric analysis of nuclear DNA for sex identification in three psittacine species. American Journal of Veterinary Research 61:847-850.

Centers for Disease Control. 1997. Compendium of psittacosis (chlamydiosis) control. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 46(RR-13): 1-13.

Centers for Disease Control. 1998. Compendium of measures to control Chlamydia psittaci infection among humans (psittacosis) and pet birds (avian chlamydiosis). Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 47(RR-10): 1-14.

Centers for Disease Control. 2000. Compendium of measure to control Chlamydia psittaci infection among humans (Psittacosis and pet birds (avian chlamydiosis, 2000. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 49(RR-08): 1-17.

Chamberlain, S. 1997. The privileged birds of Peter Duchin and Brooke Hayward. Birdtalk 15(6):80-87.

Chamberlain, S. Bird-safe Gardening; soy for birds. BirdTalk 21(4):12-16.

Clark , E. 1999. Would you believe twins? The AFA Watchbird 26: 30-31.

Clark , G.A. Unipedal postures in birds. Journal of Field Ornithology 44:22-25.

Clements, J.F.1992. Birds of the World, a Check List. 4th ed. Vista , CA .

Clipsham, R. 1997. Sex ratios in nondomestic avian species. Bird Breeder 69: 11-15.

Clipsham, R. 1998. Sweet but deadly: How toxic is that persimmon you’re feeding your bird? Bird Talk 16: 86-89.

Clubb, K., D. Skidmore, R. Schubot, and S. Clubb. Growht rates of handfed psittacine chicks. Psittacine Aviculture: Perspectives, Techniques and Research. Ed. R. M. Schubot, K.J. Clubb, and S.L. Clubb. Aviculture Breeding and Research Center , Loxahatchee , FL pp14-1to 14-19.

Clubb, S.L. 1992 The role of private aviculture in the conservation of neotropical psittacines. In: New World Parrots in Crisis. Solutions from Conservation Biology. ed. by S.R. Beissinger and N.F.R. Snyder, Smithsonian Inst. Press, Washington. pp. 117-131.

Clubb, S.L., and L. Karpinski. 1998. Aging in macaws. Cyanopsitta June(49):4-5.

Clubb, S.L. 2001. Captive management of birds for a lifetime. Journal of the American Veterinarian Medicine Association. 212:1243-1245.

Coles, B.H. 1997. Avian Medicine and Surgery. 2nd edition. Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford , UK .

Collar, N.J. 1997. Family Psittacidae. in Del Hoyo, J., A. Elliott, and J. Sargatal (eds.) Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 4. Sandgrouse to Cuckoos. Lynx Edicions, Barcellona. pp. 280-477. (Plate p. 454, description p. 457.)

Collette, J.C., J.R. Millam, K.C. Klasing and P.S. Wakenell. 2000. Neonatal handling of Amazon parrots alters the stress response and immune function. Appl. An. Behav. Sci. 66:335-349.

Cotton, P.A. 2001. The behavior and interactions of birds visiting Erythrina fusca flowers in the Columbian Amazon. Biotropica 33: 662-669.

Cougill, S., and S.J. Marsden. 2003. Variability in roost size in an Amazona parrot: implications for roost monitoring. Journal of Field Ornithology 75:67-73.

Cracraft, J. 1985. Historical biogeography and paterns of differentiation within the South American avifaunas: Areas of endemism. In: P.A. Buckly, et al. Neotropical Ornithology. Ornithology Monographs, Washington , D.C. p. 36.

Csaky, K. 2000. Co-parenting macaws: a comparative study of parent-raised and hand-raised siblings. 2000 Conference Proceedings. American Federation of Aviculture. 26th Annual convention. pp. 31-36.

Cutler, B.A., T.E. Roudybush and K.D. Shannon. 1985. Viability of Cockatiel
(Nymphicus hollandicus) eggs stored up to ten days under several conditions. 34th Western Poultry Disease Conference pp. 104-106.

David, N., and Gosselin, M. 2002. Gender agreement of avian species names. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club. 122: 257-282.

Davids, A. 2000. Profile of a parrot smuggler. Bird Talk 18: 84-87.

Davis , C.S. 1991. Parrot psychology and behavior problems. Vet. Clin. North Am. Small Anim. Pract. 21:1281-1288.

Davis , T.A.W. 1953. An outline of the ecology and breeding seasons of birds of the lowland forest region of British Guiana . Ibis 95:450-467.

Dawson, C.R. 1915. Some Colony Birds. Timehri: The Journal of the Royal Agricultural and Commercial Society of British Guiana .  3rd Series, Vol. 3, pp.270-278.

Dawson, C.R. 1916. Some Colony Birds. Bird Notes: The Journal of the Foreign Bird Club. 7(6): 208-209.

Dawson, R.D. 2004. Efficacy of diatomaceous earth at reducing populations of nest-dwelling ectoparacites in tree swallows. Journal of Field Ornithology 75:232-238.

Decoteau, A.E. The white bellied caique. 1990. The Journal of the Society of Parrot Breeders and Exhibitors. 4(3): 12-15.

DeGrahl, W. 1981. Welterstzucht der Rostkappenpapageien. Gefiederte Welt 105: 42-43.

Derscheid, J.M. 1936. A food for lorikeets. Avicultural Magazine 5th Ser. Vol. 1: 166-167.

De Schauemsee. R.M., and W.H. Phelps. 1978. A guide to the Birds of Venezuela . Princeton University Press, Princeton , NJ

Desenne, P. 1994. Estudio preliminary de la dieta de 15 especies de pistácidos en un bosque siempreverde, cuenca del Rio Tawadu, Reserva Forestal el Caura, Edo, Bolivar. Biología y conservación de los psitácidos de Venezuela. Ed. G. Morales et al. Caracas . pp. 25-42.

Desenne, P., and S. Strahl. 1994a. Situacio poblancional y jerarquizacion de especies para la concervacion de la familia psittacidae en Venezuela . Biología y Conservación de los psitácidios de Venezuela. Ed. G. Morales et al. Caracas . pp. 231-269.

Deuer-Bury, C. 1972. Zucht des Grünzügelpapageis (Breeding of Pionites melanocephala). Gefiederte Welt 96:1-5.

Dhurandhar, N.V., B.A. Isreal, J.M. Kolesar, G.F. Mayhew , M.e. cook, and R.L. Atkinson. 2000. Increased adiposity in animals due to a human virus. Internat. J. of Obesity 24:989-996.

Diamond, J., K.D. Bishop, and J.D. Gilardi. 1999. Geophagy in New Guinea birds. Ibis 141:181-193.

Doane, B.M. 1991. The Parrot in Health and Illness. Howell Book House, New York .

Doane, B.M., and T. Qualkinbush. 1994. My Parrot, My Friend: An Owner’s Guide to Parrot Behavior. Macmillan General Reference, New York , NY .

Donoghue, S., and S. Stahl. 1997. Clinical nutrition of companion birds. J. Avian Med. and Surg. 11:228-246.

Dooling, R.J., M.R. Leek, O. Gleich, M.L. Dent. 2002. Auditiory temporal resolution in birds: discrimination of harmonic complexes. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America . 112: 748-759.

Duchin, P. 1996. Ghost of a Chance. A Memoir. Random House, New York , p. 355.

Dunn, T. 2002. To Bolivia and back. Zoogoer 31:8-13.

Dyck, J. 1971. Stucture and spectral reflectance of green and blue feathers of the rose-faced lovebird (Agapornis roseicollis). Biol. Skrifter. 18:5-65.

Eberhard, J.R. 2002. Cavity adoption and the evolution of coloniality in cavity-nesting birds. Condor 104:240-247.

Edwards, G. 1751. A Natural History of Uncommon Birds, London . Plate 169.

Elgas, B. 1992. Straight talk regarding hybridization. The AFA Watchbird 19: 12-13.

Erb, L. and A.B. Bercovitz. 1981. Fecal steroid analysis: non-disruptive technique for psittacine endocrine studies. Conservation of New World Parrots. Proceeding of the ICBP Parrot Working Group Meeting , St. Lucia , 1980. Ed. R.F. Pasquier, Smithsonian Institution Press. pp. 65-71.

Finsch, O. 1868. Die Papageien Monographisch Bearbeitet. E.J. Brill, Leiden . Vol. 2, Part 1 pp. 431-439.

Fish and Wildlife Service. Traveling abroad with your pet bird. The AFA Watchbird. 20: 45-46.

Folk, D. 1991. The black-headed caique. Parrotworld 8(5):5-7.

Forshaw, J.M. 1973. Parrots of the World. Lansdowne Press, Melbourne , Australia . pp. 481-483.

Forys, E.A., and C.R. Allen. 1999. Biologcial invasions and deletions: community change in sout Florida . Biological Conservation 87: 341-347.

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Francisco, M.R., and P.M. Galetti. 1999. Análises citogenéticas das aves do Parque Ecológico de São Carlos III. Un caso de convergéncia de caudo em psittacidae. Abstract BA 014. VII Congreso de Iniciação Centifica-UFSCar. San Carlos , Brasil.

Francisco, M.R., D.O. Lunardi and P. M. Galetti. 2001. Chromosomal evidence of adaptive convergence in the tail morphology of neotropical psittacidae (Aves, Psittaaciformes). Cytologia 66:329-332.

Freyer, M. 1996. Erfahungen mit Grünzügelpapageien. Papagein Oct. p. 264.

Friedmann, H. and M. Davis. 1938. “Left-handedness” in parrots. Auk 55:478-480.

Fry, C.H. 1970. Ecological distribution of birds in north-eastern Mato Grosso State , Brazil . Anais da Academia Brazileira de Ciências 42:275-318.

Furner, 1936. A Derby member’s aviaries. Aviculture Magazine. 5th Ser. Vol. 1, pp. 6-10.

Galetti, M. 2002. Capitulo 3. Métodos para avaliar a dieta de psitacideos. Ecologia e Conservaçao de psitacideos no Brasil. Melopsittacus Publicaçoes Cientificas, Belo Horizonte , Brazil . Pp. 113-122.

Garner, J.P., C.L. Meehan and J.A. Mench. 2003. Sterotypies in caged parrots, schizophrenia and autis: evidence for a common mechanism. Behavioral Brain Research 145: 125-134.

Garrod, A.H. 1874. On some points in the anatomy of the parrots which bear on the classification of the suborder. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London . pp. 586-598.

Gilardi, J.D., and C.M. Munn. 1998. Patterns of activity, flocking, and habitat use in parrots of the Peruvian Amazon. The Condor 100: 641-653.

Gilardi, J.D., S.S. Duffey, C.A. Munn and L.A. Tell. 1999. Biochemical functions of geophagy in parrots: detoxification of dietary toxins and cytoprotective effects. J. Chem Ecology 25:897-922.

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Goldsmith, T.H., and B.K. Butler. 2003. The roles of receptor noise and cone oil droplets in the phototopic spectral sensitivity of he budgerigar, Melopsittacus undulatus. Journal of Comparative Physiology A. 189:135-142

Goldstein, D., P. Hugo, D. Hugo, B. Kiger, D. Kiger, and V. Oberlander. 1996. Charismatic caiques. Bird Talk April: 98-103.

Gonzales, F. 1996. Caiques. The AFA Watchbird 23:45-46.

Gottlieb, G. 1997. Synthezing nature-nuture: prenatal roots of instinctive behavior. Erlbaum, Mahwah , NJ .

Grau, C.R., T.E. Roudybush, P. Vohra, F.H. Kratzer, M. Yang and D. Nearenberg. 1989. Obscure relations of feather melanization and avian nutrition. World’s Poultry Sci. J. 45:241-246.

Gray, G.R. 1849. The Genera of Birds. Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans, London . Vol. 1. p. 15.

Griffiths, R., and B. Tiwari. 1993. The isolation of molecular markers for the identification of sex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America . 90:8324-8326.

Grimes, J.E. 1987. Zoonoses acquired from pet birds. Veterinary Clinics of North America: small Animal Practice. 17:209218.

Haffer, J. 1969. Speciation in Amazonian forest birds. Science 165:131-137.

Haffer, J. 1974. Avian speciation in tropical South America . Nuttall Ornithological Club, No. 14. Cambridge , MA .

Haffer, J. 1977. Verbreitung und Hybridisation der Pionites papageien amazoniens. (Distribution and hybridization of the Pionites parrots of Amazonia .) Bonner Zoologische Beiträge. 28(3-4):269-278. (German.)

Haffer, J. 1978. Distribution of Amazon forest birds. Bonner Zoologische Beiträge. 29:38-78.

Hargis, V.A., et al. 1989. Avocado (Persea americana ) intoxication in caged birds. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 194:64-66.

Harris, L.J. 1989. Footedness in parrots: three centuries of research. Can. J. Psychol. 43: 369-396.

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Haverschmidt, F. 1968. Birds of Surinam . Oliver & Boyd, London , pp. 143, 145.

Hawley, J. 1997. Bernard Roer, olde master aviculturist. The AFA Watchbird 24:39-41.

Hawley, S.B. 1994. Food toxicosis in birds. Caged Bird Hobbyist. 2:10-13.

Heath, L.A. , S.E. Wilkie, J.K. Bowmaker and D.M. Hunt. 1997. The red and green opsins of two avian species, the budgerigar, Melopsittacus undulatus, and the mallard duck, Anas platyrhyncus. Gene 204:121-126.

Hefton, D.M. 1997. Psittacine bathing. A fundamental aspect of care. The AFA Watchbird 24: 51-52.

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Heinsohn, R., S. Legge and S. Barry. 1997. Extreme bias in sex allocation in Eclectus parrots. Proceedings of the Royal Society London 264:1325-1329.

Henke, S.E., V.C. Gallardo, B. Martinez, and R. Bailey. 2001. Survey of aflatoxin concentrations in wild bird seed purchased in Texas . Journal of Wildlife Diseases 37: 831-835.

Herlitz, D., and Z. Bernard. 2000. An erythristic yellow-billed parrot Amazona collaria. Bull. Br. Ornithol. Club 120:50.

Hile, A.G., T.K. Plummer and G.F. Stiedter. 2000. Male vocal imitation produces call convergence during pair bonding in budgerigars, Melopsittacus undulatus. Animal Behavior 59: 1209-1218.

Hilty, S.L., and W.L. Brown. 1986. A Guide to the Birds of Columbia . Princeton University Press, Princeton , NJ . p. 209.

Hilty, S. 1994. Birds of Tropical America, a Watcher’s Guide to Behavior, Breeding and Diversity. Pub. Ltd., Shelburne , VT

Hine, B. 1997. Those Caique Clowns. The Pet Bird Report. 7(2):58-61.

Hogan, L.S. 1991. Nutritional benefits of canola rapeseed. American Cage-Bird Magazine. 63(2):16-17.

Holland , J.R. 1971. The Amazon. A.S. Barnes and Co., London . (Although identified only as a pet parrot, the bird in photograph 10 is a black headed caique.)

Hollaway, B. 1997. Caique Party Time. Bird Talk 15(Aug): 32-39.

Hollaway, B. and V. Hollaway. 1999. Calling all caiques. Bird Talk. 17(4):42-49.

Holmes, E. 1857. Birds injurious of agriculture. Report of the Commissioner of Patents for the year 1856. Agriculture. Washington , DC pp147-148.

Homberger, D.G. 1980. Funktionell-morphologishe Untersuchungen zur Radiation der Ernahrungs- und Trinkmethod der Papageien (Psittaci). Zoologisches Forschungsinstitut und Museum Alexander Koenig. Bonn .

Homberger, D.G. 1981. Functional morphology and evolution of the feeding apparatus in parrots, with special reference to the Pesquet’s parrot Psittrichas fulgidus (Lesson). Conservation of New World Parrots. Proceeding of the ICBP Parrot Working Group Meeting , St. Lucia , 1980. Ed. R.F. Pasquier, Smithsonian Institution Press. pp. 471-485.

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Howard, B.R. 1992. Health risks of housing small psittacines in galvanized wire mesh cages. J.Am.Vet.Med.Assoc. 200:1667-1674.

Hoyo J. del , A. Elliot, J. Sargatal and N.J. Collar. 1992-. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona . Vol. 4. p, 457, Plate p 454.

Hummel, M. 2004. Spice it up with caiques. Birdtalk. 22(3): 44-49.

Hunt, D.M., I.C. Cuthill, A.T. Bennett, S.C. Church and J.C. Partridge. 2001. Is ultraviolet waveband a special communication channel in avian mate choice? Journal of Experimental Biology 204:2499-2507.

Hunt, D.M., S.E. Wilkie, J.K. Bowmaker, and S. Poopalasundaram. 2001. Vision in the ultraviolet. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 58:1583-1598.

Ireland , T. 1988. Caiques. Presentation made at the Convention of the American Federation of Aviculture. Tampa , FL (Audio recording).

Jansen, A., A. Vermeulen, P.H. Dieges and A.W. van Toorenenbergen. 1996. Allergy to pine nuts in a bird fancier. Allergy 51:741-744.

Johnson, K.A. 1992. 1991 Psittacine captive breeding survey. A survey of private Aviculture in the United States. TRAFFIC USA . Washington , D.C.

Jordt, S.-E., and D. Julius. 2002. Molecular basis for species-specific sensitivity to “hot” chili peppers. Cell 108: 421-430.

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Latham, J. 1790. Index ornithologicus, sive Systmea ornithologiae; complectens avium divisionem in classes, ordines, genera, species, ipsaruque vrietates. Londonini. Vol. 1. p. 128.

Lepperhoff, L. 2001. Gelbschenkel-Rostkappenpapageien im Regenwald Westamazoniens. Gefiederte Welt. April pp. 114-117.

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Le Vaillant, F. Natural History of Parrots. Vol. 2. pp 51-52. Plates 119 & 120. Imprimé, Sydney , Australia . Translated by B. Pacula. 1989

Levey, D.J., C. Martinez del Rio . 2001. It takes guts (and more) to eat fruit: lessons from avian nutritional ecology. The Auk 118:819-831.

Lima , R. 1996. The care and breeding of caiques. The AFA Watchbird 23:34-38.

Lima , R. 1999. The care and breeding of caiques. ASA Avicultural Bulletin July.

Lindholm, J.H. 1999. An historical review of parrots bred in zoos in the USA . Avicultural Magazine 105: 145-184.

Linné, C. von. 1758. Systema naturae. Per regna tria, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum charachteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Holmiae. Impensis L. Salvii.  Vol. 2. p. 102.

Lloyd, D. 1895. Some Guiana parrots. Timehri: The Journal of the Royal Agricultural and Commercial Society of British Guiana . 9:273-278

Lorenz, K. 1991. Here am I--Where are you? The behavior of the Greylag Goose. Translated by M. Martys and A. Tipler. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich , New York .

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