The Caique Site
Welcome to the Caique Site.
Latest updates and reminders:
© 2001 through 2011 by John McMichael. First posted on net May 19, 2001 and periodically updated. All rights reserved. No part of this website may be commercially reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or via any information storage and retrieval system, without permission from the copyright holder. Please notify the author of any errors or omissions.
I wish to acknowledge the staffs of the Library of Congress, Carnegie Museum Library, Cornell University Library, Rochester Public Library, and the Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi. I am also indebted to the many caique owners and breeders who have shared their knowledge. I especially want to thank Ms. Terri Fields for her assistance in obtaining many of the references cited in this website.
This web site is devoted to the medium sized parrots called caiques. These feisty birds are rapidly becoming popular pets. To learn more about them, click on the hyperlinks on this page.
Caiques are divided into two species and five subspecies*. Because the common name can vary from country to country, and even from person to person, the following common English names are used in this site:
Pionites melanocephalus = Black-headed caique
Pionites melanocephalus melanocephalus = Black-headed caique.
Pionites melanocephalus pallidus = Pallid caique.
Pionites leucogaster = White-bellied caique
Pionites leucogaster leucogaster = Green-thighed caique
Pionites leucogaster xanthomerius = Yellow-thighed caique
Pionites leucogaster xanthurus = Yellow-tailed caique
*Note Pionites, the Latin genus name, is considered masculine gender. According to taxonomic rules, the species and subspecies names are adjectives of the genus name and should have same gender. Thus, the correct species name is P. melanocephalus. One often sees P. melanocephala as the scientific name for the black-headed caique. I suspect this due to the earlier use of the genus name Caica. Caica is feminine in Latin, and melanocephala would have been the correct species name if Caica had been retained. David and Gosselin (2002) provide more details on this.
Guide to information in this site:
Caique Food Manual. This is a set of pages about the caique's favorite foods--those that are safe to feed, some that are not so safe, and a bit about what they eat in the wild.
Publications and Presentations. This is a collection of articles and summaries of presentations on caiques that that I wrote for avicultural magazines or presented at meetings.
Common Names for Caiques. This is a list of common names for the different species and sub-species of caiques in several languages.
Early Caique Breeding Records. This is a table of breeding records from before 1980 when the breeding of caiques was considered a rare event.
Parrot Glossary. This is a large glossary of terms related to parrots that I have gathered over the years.
Bibliography. These are references consulted in the preparation of The Caique Site.
Sanitizers and Disinfectants. This is a list and description of sanitizers and disinfectants used for cleaning bird cages and equipment.
Links to other websites:
Emergency Links. These are links to sites that deal with veterinary emergencies and grief from the loss of birds.
Parrot Research Links. These are sites where you may learn more about aviculture, avian medicine and avian conservation.
DNA Sexing links. These links connect you to companies that offer DNA sexing of birds.
Aviaries and Zoo Links. This is a list of public Zoos and Aviaries of interest to caique and parrot owners.
Government Links. These are links to Federal, state, and CITES treaty regulations related to pet bird ownership.
Non-Profit Organization Links. These links connect to national and international organizations interested in parrot conservation and aviculture.
Other Websites and Chat Sites. This is a list of links to other sites containing good caique information. Some are commercial sites.
Arts, Crafts, etc. These are links to sites selling fine arts, crafts and other items related to caiques.
Posada Amazonas and Tambopata Research Center. This page describes a trip five other parrot lovers and I made to Peru in November, 2001.
Brazil: Pantanal, Serra da Araras, Cristalino Lodge, and Humaitá. My search for the yellow-tailed caique.
To send me an email message click here: Caiquesite@gmail.com. If clicking on my email address does not work, try typing or pasting it into the address line of your email program. I have found that gmail is not always compatible with Internet Explorer.